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That time likelihood of as a great centenarian to possess an effective 60-year-old-man residing in Nicoya is actually 4

8% based on the 1990–2011 shot studies. This likelihood try sexy iranian women 4 times that of Costa Rican males, over double that of Okinawa, the following large regarding the evaluation, and it is nearly seven minutes that of Sardinia and Japan (0.7%). Nicoya female has actually a somewhat down likelihood of to-be centenarian (cuatro.3%) than simply guys, and therefore chances is not even half the new exceedingly high figure regarding nine.3% of females during the Okinawa. These types of metrics atic technique for presenting brand new Nicoya virtue used in this dataset.

Regarding life expectancy and you can median existence, 60-year-dated men in the Nicoya (24.3 years) have nearly a two-year advantage on Okinawans (twenty-two.6) and you will in the an excellent around three-12 months advantage over Japanese or other Costa Rican dudes. Life expectancy during the many years 60 off Nicoya dudes is virtually 24 years. Depending on the Us estimates, zero country all over the world got hit 24 several years of men life expectancy on years 60 during the 2012 (Un Inhabitants Department 2012). Nicoyan ladies are notably less exceptional because their men competitors; their median lifetime (25.step 1 age) and life expectancy (24.couple of years) be than just couple of years faster than the exceptional data from throughout the 29 numerous years of women in Okinawa.

While the Nicoya rates come from an example regarding apparently few observations, it is vital to plus look at the trust durations included for the Desk step three . Even the all the way down sure of your intervals getting Nicoya males is higher than the idea rates towards the other communities, such, a 2.9% likelihood of becoming centenarian as compared to dos.1% off men Okinawans.

Factors behind demise might provide clues on factors behind the Nicoya virtue in the earlier death. Unfortunately, the sample sized this study doesn’t have sufficient mathematical power to run reveal studies of the cause of dying. It is feasible so you can analyse precisely the one or two biggest categories of factors that cause dying: cardiovascular diseases and you may malignant tumors. The newest Nicoya subsample includes 123 cardiovascular system-vascular and you may 70 disease fatalities. New danger regression models implicate death because of the center-vascular infection in dudes due to the fact fundamental and simply source away from this new Nicoya advantage ( Shape 3 ). The brand new related DRR was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.50–0.86). Mortality by cancers is largely an identical inside Nicoya as in the remainder of Costa Rica, as well as female cardiovascular illnesses mortality.

Death price proportion (DRR) regarding older Nicoyans as compared to other Costa Ricans. The grounds, cardiovascular illnesses (CVD) and you can malignant tumors mortality 1990–2011

3.step 3 Census success proportion

A confirmation that Nicoyans enjoys an endurance advantage, which is in addition to the registry from fatalities, comes from survival ratios calculated anywhere between censuses ( Desk 4 ). The fresh new emergency proportion of people old 60 or higher on 1984 census towards the 2000 census (where he is 76+ years) try fifteen% large for men born during the Nicoya compared to men and women born inside with the rest of Costa Rica and you will six% highest for ladies. The new corresponding percentages for the period of twenty-seven ages amongst the 1984 and 2011 censuses is 32% large survival having Nicoya guys and 21% to possess Nicoya women. It’s important to note that these types of estimates are without interior migration prejudice while the group of Nicoyans try discussed from the host to birth as opposed to place of house.

Table 4

Census analysis on the sex proportion on early decades try, therefore, similar to the finding that the fresh mortality benefit of Nicoya happens just among guys. According to the 2011 census the brand new sex proportion (feminine so you can men) men and women inside the Nicoya aged 90 decades or even more simply 1.2, versus step one.5 ratio of Costa Rica, or even the considerably large ratios away from 3.0 in The japanese, 3.1 in the usa and you can 3.5 for the France, one of other highest-money countries (Rosero-Bixby 2008). The excess death of men should be dramatically small in the Costa Rica and you may, particularly in Nicoya, to create these sex rates next to one of this new oldest dated survivors.


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2024 年 5 月


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